Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Agrar- und Ernährungspolitik

Policy Designs in Food Security Policies in Developing Countries: a Comparative Study


Food Security is not a new issue. The concern how to feed the growing world have been occupying the minds of scientists, policy makers, national governments, international circles and every one of us individually for many centuries. The „Food Security” as a concept and a target has evolved over the time. Almost every decade is characterized by new challenges and reveals the deep complexity and multi-dimensionality of the Hunger problem, which extends much further than getting the food supply-demand balance right. It is also a matter of sustainable production and consumption, dietary patterns, health, gender equality, biodiversity, climate change, ethics and morality. Thus a holistic policy response is required. Food Security policy is not a set of technical tools, but a social construct, therefore a comprehensive rethinking and reconstruction of Food Security policy is important. The project aims to identify and classify various policy designs in the field of Food Security and to examine the relationship between Food Security policy design in different countries and the resulting level of food security. As a result, more effective and sustainable policy approaches towards an improved food security situation in different countries will be highlighted. Objectives of the research are 1) to develop a methodology for identifying the applied food security policy patterns in different countries under different conditions; 2) to structure and analyse determined policy patterns; and 3) to identify, which elements of policy design are necessary and sufficient for a sustainable Food Security policy.