Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Resource Economics

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin | Thaer-Institute | Resource Economics | Research challenges | Problem dimensions | Adaptation Pressures from Globalisation, Structural Change, Agricultural and Environmental Policy

Adaptation Pressures from Globalisation, Structural Change, Agricultural and Environmental Policy

In the process of globalisation actors increasingly raise demands on the use of natural resources globally. The conflict dimensions of globalisation become evident with an increase of claims on the use of natural resources. A fundamental challenge of globalisation is to meet and balance the different and growing demands on the use of natural resources. This endeavour gains significance and urgency in view of the rising claims on natural resources and at the same time decreasing stocks of the respective resources due to resource depletion and degradation. A difficulty in search of solutions is the overlay of property rights of decision makers at all levels from local to global regarding the use of natural resources. A further challenge in the quest to meet diverging claims is that actors and societies involved in globalisation have different political, economic and social starting situations. However, pressures from global resource claims on local production, trade and the supply of goods and services from agriculture and forestry increase in the course of globalisation. As a consequence, the drive for structural change in agriculture increases, as well as need to adapt environmental and agricultural policy to changing demands and conditions for policy making.

The rules of societies and their economic activities have a central impact on structural change and the adaptation of natural and social systems in the progress of globalisation. Institutional resource economics is especially concerned with the use of natural resources and studies focally the systems of rules and actors who influence the use of resources. The research activities at the Division of Resources Economics contribute to the quest of explaining the interplay of values, social organisation, technology development, knowledge generation, resources use and environmental changes. Further, our results add to the formation and design of formal rights and informal rules on the use of natural resources.


This problem dimension has been addressed in the following research projects:

  • COOP
    Support for Farmers' Cooperatives
  • ARC
    The Changing Role of Agricultural Institutions and Farming: A Collaborative Project in Germany and United Kingdom
    Approaches for a Sustainable Agricultural Production in North-eastern Germany (GRANO); Project group 1: Decentral evaluation and coordination mechanisms
    Integrated Tools to Design and Implement Agri-Environmental Schemes
    Capitalisation of Research Results on the Multifunctionality of Agriculture and Rural Areas
  • Land Use Conflicts (Spreewald)
    Does Money Solve Land Use Conflicts? On Governance Problems of Agri-Environmental Support Programs
    A System for Environmental and Agricultural Modelling; Linking European Science and Society
    Sustainability Impact Assessment: Tools for Environmental, Social and Economic Effects of Multifunctional Land Use in European Regions
    European Cooperation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research
    Types of interaction between Economy, Rural Society, Environment and Agricultural activities in European regions


Schleyer, Christian Market-based instruments as components of institutional arrangements for the provision of ecosystem services – The example of land use measures for climate- and nature-protection in cultural landscapes in Central Europe

Kaim, Eike

Analysis of Supply Chain Management: Case studies on the market for nursery products in Germany

Margarian, Anne (2010)

The Regional Specifity of Structural Change in Agriculture. Institutional Change in Agriculture and Natural Resources, Vol. 41. Aachen: Shaker

Arzt, Katja (2008)

Local Participation and Sustainable Resource Use. An institutional analysis of agri-environmental- forums. Institutional Change in Agriculture and Natural Resources, Vol. 38. Aachen: Shaker

Eggers, Jörg (2005)

Dezentralisierung der Agrarumweltmaßnahmen in der europäischen Agrarpolitik: Hemmnisse eines institutionellen Wandels. Institutional Change in Agriculture and Natural Resources, Vol. 25. Aachen: Shaker

Kolloge, Sabine (1999)

Eine Wirkungsanalyse der Agenda 21 in Bezug auf eine nachhaltige Landwirtschaft und ländliche Entwicklung am Beispiel von Kommunen in England und Deutschland. Regensburg: Transfer

Bogale,   Ayalneh

Resource Governance and Emerging Institutions for Sustainable Management of Natural Forests in Ethiopia: Analysis of Institutional Change and Benefits to Forest Dwellers in Adaba-Dodola Forest Priority Area