Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture

Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture No. 2/09

Application of the TIPI-CAL model in analysing policy impacts on African dairy farms

Oghaiki Asaah Ndambi, Otto Garcia and Torsten Hemme
IFCN Dairy Research Center, Kiel, Germany

David Balikowa
Dairy Development Authority, Kampala, Uganda

Uwe Latacz-Lohmann
University of Kiel, Germany


Dairy production has been envisaged as an important means of improving the nutrition status of, and income generation by African families. The need for a better understanding of the role of various policies and farm strategies on dairy farms in Africa has become more important especially as policy makers and donors wish to optimise the impact of their projects on livelihoods of farmers. This study applies an adapted version of the TIPI-CAL (Technology Impact Policy Impact model) to analyse the impact of different policies on the most typical dairy farming system in Uganda. In general, the policy impacts are very little on farms with local cows but can be magnified up to threefold, if the farms have graded cows. Policies which improve farmers’ accessibility to markets have the greatest impacts. Genetic improvement of cattle breeds is recommended as an initial strategy, which will improve the impact of other farm policies.

Keywords: Africa, dairy, household income, policy impacts, TIPI-CAL model

JEL: Q 180

Vol. 48 (2009), No. 2: 135-154