Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture

Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture No. 4/07

Competition between agricultural and renewable energy production

Birger Kerckow
Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V., Gülzow, Germany


So far only a small part of agricultural production is devoted to bioenergy. Rising oil prices, security of supply concerns and climate change are the reasons that simultaneously many countries envisage strong increases in bioenergy and especially biofuels. Land use for bioenergy will increase from currently 1% to 10% and more of the global arable land, and biofuels may provide 10% and more of the world transport fuel demand. Energy demand will contribute to a stabilisation of deflated agricultural commodity prices. Food and bioenergy needs can be satisfied at the same time, but significant R&D efforts in agronomy, technology and economy will be needed to ensure efficient, sustainable land use.

Keywords: biofuels, bioenergy, potentials, food security

JEL: Q 42

Vol. 46 (2007), No. 4: 333-347