Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture

Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture No. 4/07

Integrated watershed management:
an approach to natural resources management

Peter F. Ffolliott
University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA

Hans M. Gregersen
Solvang, CA, USA, and

Kenneth N. Brooks
University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, USA


Increasing demands for land, water, and energy resources by expanding human populations point to the urgency with which people must learn to manage and use natural resources in an integrated and sustainable fashion. Integrated watershed management (IWM) provides a framework and the tools to help people meet their needs in the most effective and efficient way possible without degrading the land and water resources on which such needs depend. This paper lays out the IWM framework by sequentially presenting the basic nature of IWM and its components; the institutional context for IWM; the issues and approaches associated with planning IWM policies and programs; hydrologic and other technical considerations involved in implementation of IWM; the important topic of monitoring and evaluation to improve performance; the role of research, training and better use of new information and communication technologies in developing an adaptive management approach; and a brief picture of lessons learned from IWM and future opportunities and potentials.

Keywords: land, water, natural resources, watersheds, institutions, policies

JEL: Q 100

Vol. 46 (2007), No. 4: 373-394